According to the CDC, more than 1.5 million people in the United States get sepsis every year. More than 250, 000 Americans die of sepsis each year. Sepsis is the body’s most extreme reaction to an infection. It is life-threatening, and should be considered a medical emergency. if it not treated in a timely manner and with the appropriate therapies it will lead to organ failure, tissue damage and possibly death.
Anyone can get an infection, and almost any infection can lead to sepsis. Some people are at higher risk of infection and sepsis, including:
- Adults 65 or older
- Immunosuppressed populations:
- People who have chronic conditions
- Children under one year
Taking the time to learn the symptoms of sepsis can save a life.
There is no single sign or symptom of sepsis. Early signs of sepsis involve a combination of symptoms that can include infection (suspected or confirmed) and* :
- Confusion or disorientation (the patient that “just isn’t right”)
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid heart rate
- Fever with or without uncontrollable chilling, “can’t get warm”
- Extreme pain or discomfort
- Clammy and sweating skin.
- Patient will often voice that “something is wrong:”
*People with sepsis typically have more than one of these symptoms.
Any individual with this combination of symptoms requires an immediate assessment at an emergency department for evaluation and appropriate treatment. The required treatment cannot be provided in an outpatient ambulatory clinic.
For more resources for staff and patient education please visit the CDC website. https://www.cdc.gov.sepsis
Have you been to the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) section of the Network web site? You’ll find a shortcut to your most frequently needed NHSN resources that include:
- Required Training
- Enrollment Steps
- NHSH Event Protocol
- NHSN Dialysis Event Surveillance Data
- CMS ESRD QIP Rule Report
- Health Care Personnel Safety Components
- NHSN Contact Information
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) National Quality Strategy (NQS) is a national effort to align public- and private-sector stakeholders to achieve better health and healthcare for all Americans. It was developed “through a transparent and collaborative process with input from a range of stakeholders. More than 300 groups, organizations, and individuals, representing all sectors of the health care industry and the general public, provided comments.”
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) contracts with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Networks to implement the NQS principles and HHS Secretary’s priorities in the ESRD community. Starting in December 2017, Networks will launch a set of new quality improvement activities, data reporting requirements, and educational programs that reflect updated priorities and goals.
HHS Secretary’s Priorities
- Reform, Strengthen, and Modernize the Nation’s Health Care System
- Protect the Health of Americans Where They Live, Learn, Work, and Play
- Strengthen the Economic and Social Well-Being of Americans Across the Lifespan
- Foster Sound, Sustained Advances in the Sciences
- Promote Effective and Efficient Management and Stewardship
- Empower patients to make decisions about their health care
- Usher in a new era of state flexibility and local leadership
- Support innovative approaches to improve quality, accessibility, and affordability
- Improve the CMS customer experience
In 2016, the IPRO ESRD Network of New York introduced an innovative program to help facilities accept patients who had been previously involuntarily discharged from their dialysis facility. As reported in the April 6, 2016 issue of Nephrology News and Issues, through the program prospective dialysis units are offered a 30-day trial period during which they may accept a patient for treatment as if he or she is a “transient” patient. The unit accepts the patient with the understanding that there is no commitment to continue treatment after 30 days; should the patient cause excessive disruption to the unit or exhibit threatening or violent outbursts. Participating units agree that if the patient refrains from these behaviors, the unit will accept the patient as permanent after the 30th day or the 12th treatment. In 2017 the program continues to help patients who have been involuntarily discharged from their dialysis facility, with five patients being accepted permanently in a new dialysis facility, to date. This program helps those patients who have been involuntarily discharged from their unit receive a second chance. Through this second chance, the patient and facility get to know one another and the patient has an opportunity to gain a sense of stability and reliable access to the treatments needed to stay healthy and to survive.
Click here, to read the complete article, An innovative approach in addressing dialysis patient placement challenges.